The DSM 5 is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is used by the American Psychiatric Association’s classification and diagnostic tool.
Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Conditions include an intellectual disability, communication disorders, autism spectrum disorder, Asperger disorder, and motor disorders (includes tic disorders such as Tourette syndrome).
Schizophrenia and Psychotic Disorders: Symptoms include losing touch with reality often occurring with hallucinations, disorganized thinking, delusions and erratic behavior.
Schizoaffective Disorder: Symptoms include symptoms associated with schizophrenia such as hallucinations, delusions, erratic behavior co-occurring with a mood disorder including depressive and manic states.
Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms include extreme highs and lows in a person’s mood and can vary greatly from day to day. The person will have difficulty thinking clearly and regulating energy.
Depressive Disorders: Symptoms include extreme lows that will significantly affect a person’s ability to function adequately in their daily life.
Anxiety Disorders: Symptoms include disturbances in handling situations that causes an overwhelming feeling of panic and racing thoughts. Anxiety can also cause physical symptoms such as racing heart and sweating.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorders: Symptoms include racing thoughts that include unwanted and repetitive thoughts or obsessions. These urges to do certain actions are typically excessive and irrational.
Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders: Most common condition is known as Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and is often caused by extreme traumatic events that take place in the military, from an accident, assault, or due to a natural disaster.
Dissociative Disorders: Symptoms include significant disruption in an individual’s memory, awareness, perception, or identity. A person will feel disconnected from themselves and might describe their state as “surreal” or out of their body.
Somatic Symptoms and related disorders: Symptoms include unexplained pain or illness that cannot be identified by standard medical testing and hypochondria (worried one is sick with various illnesses when no explanation or proof of condition).
Feeding and Eating Disorders: Conditions include anorexia (limiting or cutting off food intake), bulimia (binging and purging food), compulsive overeating, pica (consumption of non food items).
Sleep-wake disorders: Symptoms include insomnia which is the inability to fall asleep naturally, night terrors, sleep paralysis, restless leg syndrome, and inability to stay asleep.
Sexual Dysfunctions: Symptoms may affect males and females and range from issues with arousal, painful intercourse, and medication induced sexual issues.
Gender Dysphoria: The symptoms include a strong discontent with one’s sex and gender.
Disruptive, impulse control, and conduct disorders: Symptoms include disruptive behavior that includes defiance, poor impulse control, and physical and/or verbal aggression.
Substance Related and addictive disorders: Symptoms include abuse or chemical dependency to a street drug, prescription drug, alcohol, or other substance that can alter the natural chemical process in the brain.
Personality Disorders: Symptoms include significant disturbances in behavioral patterns associated with social or occupational functions. A person may not act within the accepted societal norms and experience difficulty with thinking, emotions, relationships, and impulse control.